Hypopigmentation treatment for black skin is now popular. This treatment is very useful for you who have black skin. The causes of the pigmentary disorders of the type hypopigmentation (diminished skin coloring) and depigmentation (no skin coloring) lie in the lack of melanin, the pigment, which colors the skin.
In hypopigmentation, the body forms too few melanocytes, ie cells responsible for melanin formation. In a depigmentation, the melanocytes – and thus also the pigment melanin – are completely absent. Both pigment disorders can affect the entire body surface or even delimited skin parts. There are different reasons for this type of pigment disorder.
For example, a melanin deficiency can occur when the melanocytes have been destroyed, for example by:
- Inflammation of the skin
- Poisonous substances
- Cold, for example after a cold therapy (cryotherapy) for the treatment of skin diseases
In addition, the transfer of the melanin formed from the producing cells to the upper skin or the horn-forming cells contained therein can also be the cause of a deficiency of melanin, frequently the case in inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis or neurodermatitis.
Hypopigmentation and depigmentation are as follows:
Albinism, an innate depigmentation, since melanocytes can not form in the skin of the affected person
White spot disease (vitiligo): Pigment disturbance caused by destroyed melanocytes as a result of an autoimmune disease
Pigmentation – causes of hyperpigmentation
The reason for the hyperpigmentation is the increased formation or deposition of the pigment melanin in the skin, the substance responsible for the skin coloring.
The cause of the pigmentation disorder may be different. One possible cause of hyperpigmentation is excessive stimulation of melanin production by the responsible melanocyte cells in the skin. Thus, more melanin is formed or multiplied by cell division.
This melanin overproduction can be stimulated by:
- UV light
Hyperpigmentation due to such effects are:
- Freckles (Ephelids): among other things, appear after a sunglass
- liver spots
- Lens Lentic (Lentigo)
- Spot-shaped, brownish pigmentation of the skin, so-called Chloasma
- Hyperpigmentation after inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis or a drug lecith. Can remain monthly and
- are also referred to as “postinflammatory hyperpigmentation”
Information about Hypopigmentation Treatment For Black Skin
Pigment Disorder Symptoms
In the case of a pigmentation disorder, the symptoms are either a skin which is more strongly colored than normal (hyperpigmentation by melanin excess, ie strong pigmentation), is weaker than normal (hypopigmentation) or not colored (depigmentation).
The color changes can occur locally, at several body sites or at the whole skin.
There are also the following differences in the symptoms of a pigment disorder, namely:
- Size of color changes
- Symmetry or asymmetry
Hypopigmentation is as follows:
Freckles (Ephelids): numerous brownish, sharply defined spots on the skin areas exposed to sunlight
Lentigines: larger and darker than the freckles originated independently of UV light
Types of hyperpigmentation and depigmentation are:
White spot disease (vitiligo, see also vitiligo pictures): sharply demarcated, depigmented and therefore white spots on the skin, usually on the back of the hands, elbow, neck, face, navel, knee and in the genital area, more rarely on the entire body surface
Albinism: depigmented skin on the body, very light hair and bright or red eyes
Pigment disorder – prognosis
The prognosis of a pigment disorder depends on the form – that is, on its manifestation and cause. Freckles, for example, are increasingly being formed in the adult age. Other forms such as hereditary diseases Vitiligo or albinism are chronic or progress more or less rapidly over time.
In vitiligo, more or more and more stains are formed on the skin. The fact that the symptoms disappear spontaneously, that is, a “repigmentation” occurs is rare.
As a rule, the pigment disturbances are medically harmless, but for cosmetic reasons it can seriously affect the affected person.
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