Pain is often no result of wear
According to the Robert Koch Institute, up to 85 percent of Germans have pain in the cross at least once in their lives – and the trend is rising. This is not just due to age with its inevitable signs of wear. “The causes are the same for almost all those affected: too little exercise, untrained muscles, stress and other mental stress,” says Prof. Ingo Froböse of the Center for Health of the German Sports University Cologne. This also applies to children and adolescents. No wonder, says Froböse: If children walk on average only 900 meters a day and four hours sitting in front of computer and TV, pain in the cross are programmed
Office work and overweight strain the back
The modern lifestyle contributes to making the back the number one problem area. Anyone who spends their working life on the office chair, does not do sports and has extra kilos on their hips, feels a lot of their own body. The back with its muscles, tendons, ligaments, intervertebral discs and 24 mobile vertebral bones is a stable framework and a flexible shock absorber at the same time. He needs a lot of movement and load. If he is under-challenged, stunt essential parts of the holding apparatus – with painful consequences for those affected.
“Gymnastics to the urn”
Therefore: movement helps. Walking, running, bending over, turning, stretching, stretching does the body well, in all age groups. “Gymnastics to the urn,” advises the back expert and author Prof. Dietrich Grönemeyer of the University of Witten-Herdecke. He recommends taking every opportunity to move: rather climb the stairs instead of taking the elevator. Often leave the car and ride a bicycle, in the spare time the tired bones with sport get going. This can prevent many painful attacks.
Stress can hit the back
Back pain is a warning signal of the body. The problem may have purely physical causes, signs of wear on the intervertebral discs, bone weaknesses or muscles that are too weak. The causes can also be psychosomatic: stress and grief are reflected in tension. They bring the interaction of the spine and supporting muscles out of kilter. In fact, only 10 to 20 percent of patients with back pain notice a structural physical cause, estimates Prof. Hartmut Göbel from the Pain Clinic Kiel. He advises examining all factors that can lead to back pain. This often includes emotional, social and behavioral aspects such as stress, depression, workload and relationship issues.
Hot water bottle helps with acute pain
In the acute case, when the cross comes in, simple remedies such as a hot water bottle and painkillers can bring about a quick relief. In most uncomplicated cases, the pain subsides after a few days anyway. According to the German Rheumatism League, up to 90 percent of all back pains disappear within six weeks – regardless of the type of treatment. In the past, rest and protection for back pain were considered correct. But meanwhile, the physicians insist that the spine together with muscles, ligaments, and joints needs movement.
Acupuncture particularly successful
Often doctors prescribe massages and injections or medications. According to the health insurance companies, the prescription of physiotherapy has increased considerably. Acupuncture has also proven itself. Chinese needle therapy is even more successful than traditional methods, according to studies. Back patients should use a variety of services – “from massage to acupuncture, yoga, tai chi and qigong to self-awareness training, Feldenkrais and good gyms,” advises Grönemeyer. “The patient must also use his or her own ability to release muscular tension, so do not rest, but really move, stretch and create body awareness.”
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